Author: Sean Cochran

What Can the Strength and Conditioning Coach Learn from 3D Motion Analysis?

The process of utilizing diagnostic tools by professional athletes, organizations, and sports performance coaches is in full swing. The driver behind the utilization of these diagnostic tools is the shifting from a subjective perspective of athlete development and injury prevention to one which is scientifically based. This process "moves the needle" in terms of we are no longer guessing what we as professionals need to do to keep our athletes healthy and improving to a process based on science, data,...

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Sports Science and Motion Analysis Technology

There is a paradigm shift in the world of sports performance in this day and age. We are seeing the utilization of diagnostic tools to provide measurable information to improve the processes by which we train, coach, and teach athletes. Sport science is the terms being used to describe this process of shifting from a subjective means of sports performance training to a scientific based continuum where diagnostic tools such as force plates, motion analysis data capture systems, and science...

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Off-Season Strength and Conditioning Programming for Rotary Athletes

The rotary athlete participating in throwing and striking sports where speed generation occurs through the kinetic chain into bat, ball, racquet, or club have similar sequences by which energy is translated for optimal performance. As a result, the underlying physiological systems requiring development to enhance performance and limit the potential for injury are similar. We recognize the physiological requirements of the tennis player needing court coverage, compared to the golfer athlete impacting the golf ball with 8 times body weight...

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The Kinematic Sequence and Speed Generation for the Rotary Athlete

In the sports of golf, tennis, baseball, and softball optimal performance is a combination of both skill and the development of specific physical parameters within the kinetic chain to support this athletic skill. According to the National Academy of Sports Medicine skill can be defined as the ability of the neuromuscular system to coordinate the kinetic chain to allow for optimal efficiency within the functional movement patterns of the athlete’s chosen sport. In order for athletes, coaches, and sports medicine...

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Tall Kneeling Lunge Overhead Rotations

The thoracic spine and glenohumeral joint are two key components requiring mobility for the overhead throwing and striking athlete. Individuals participating in golf, baseball, tennis, volleyball, or lacrosse require high levels of upper body mobility in order to hit, throw, serve, or strike during competition. What these athletes must recognize is that in order to perform the throwing, hitting, and striking movements associated with these sports requires certain joints within the kinetic chain to have an a certain level of mobility....

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Anaerobic and Aerobic Training for Sport

Athletes who participate in sports competitively utilize the anaerobic and aerobic systems very differently. Utilization of the aerobic and anaerobic systems of energy are very sport dependent. For example, a marathon runner will utilize the aerobic system of the body to a very high degree whereas the American football player will rely heavily on the Anaerobic system during the course of a game. That being said, understanding the differences between these two systems and the processes by which the athlete...

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Wide Grip Pull Up Performance Exercise

One component of the strength and conditioning programs of the athletic population is the development of neuromuscular strength. Increasing the force outputs of the kinetic provides the athlete an opportunity to develop more power, improve stabilization capacities within the kinetic chain, reduce the potential for injury, and increase the opportunity to execute athletic actions with greater efficiency. Recognize athletic actions in sport are "feet to fingertip" where the entire kinetic chain is being recruited to execute the requirements of the sports....

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Kinetic Chain Dysfunctions in Sport

The kinetic chain of the human body is comprised of the articular, muscular, and nervous systems. It is these three sub-systems of the kinetic working interdependently to create efficient movement within the human body. Relative to the athlete in competition, these three sub-systems cohesively function together to run, throw, hit, swing, jump, and change direction. Unfortunately, dysfunction in one of these systems or a combination of systems will deter from performance during competition, lead to the development of inefficient movement...

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TRX Rip Trainer Straight Arm Rotations

Exercises incorporating the Serape Effect are integral in the strength and conditioning programs of the overhead throwing and striking athlete. These athletes in the sports of baseball, tennis, golf, volleyball, softball, lacrosse, and ice hockey must recognize the rotary components involved in the power production aspects of the athletic actions associated with their sport. In all of the aforementioned sports a rotary component is involved where speed development occurs. The development of speed via the kinetic chain is integral in the...

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Single Leg Suit Case Dead Lift

Comprehensive strength and conditioning programs for the professional athlete to weekend warrior or even fitness enthusiast utilizes a training template with sections addressing flexibility, mobility, joint range of motion, core stabilization, strength, power, and energy system development. Breaking this template down to a greater degree and focusing on the strength development section of a program recognize the importance of training movements and not muscles. I believe strength coach Mike Boyle may have been the first to coin this phrase, regardless, know...

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Linear Hurdle Jumps Performance Exercise

Power development is an integral piece of the equation for any throwing or striking athlete. Regardless if you participate in baseball, softball, tennis, golf, or volleyball any athlete generates power with the goal increasing swing speeds, bat speeds, club head speeds, and throwing velocities. What we must also recognize is the increasing of power is beneficial to any level athlete from the weekend warrior to the professional level. Finally, age should not be a deterrent as the fifty plus golfer...

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The Serape Effect – A Key Contributor to Rotational Power

The "Serape Effect" is a key concept for the the overhead throwing and striking athlete to understand in terms of power development, increasing swing speeds, throwing velocities, and core programming. Recognize one goal of the golfers, pitcher, tennis player, and all rotational athletes is to generate maximum speed to into ball, racket, or bat. A key component of this process is within the functioning of the core musculature. The serape is a Mexican garment piece which crosses in an X-pattern on...

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Strength Development and Training for the Athletic Population

The development of strength within the entire kinetic chain is integral for the execution of biomechanically efficient movement patterns in sport. Limitations in terms of stability, strength, or endurance within the musculature of the entire kinetic chain can severely hamper the ability of an athlete to execute proficiently the movement patterns associated within their sport of competition. "Functional" strength developed from feet to fingertips within the kinetic chain is essential for the athlete as this will provide the foundation by...

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TRX Suspension Trainer Squat

The athletic population requires the development of strength. Progressive strength and conditioning programs will develop strength in patterns. These patterns allow for systematic progression and development of the kinetic chain in a functional manner. Strength exercises are categorized as lower body push, lower body pull, upper body push, and upper body pull. Bilateral and unilateral movement patterns are to be addressed as well as horizontal and vertical patterns in the upper body. Lower body movement patterns are classified as push and...

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External Pull Dynamic Flexibility Exercise

The process of developing soft tissue extensibility and joint mobility within the kinetic chain requires the inclusion of a varying number of modalities. In general these modalities will address joint range of motion, soft tissue pliability, and extensibility. It is the combination of these varying modalities which will provide the kinetic chain with the appropriate joint ranges of motion to accomplish complex athletic actions associated with the sport. The process by which this goal is achieved is the implementation of flexibility...

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Integrated Performance Training for Throwers and Strikers

The overhead throwing and striking athlete must recognize a strength and conditioning must adhere to specific training principles and include components conducive to injury prevention and athletic development. Understand the baseball, softball, golf, tennis, or volleyball athlete perform a repetitive overhead throwing and rotary action during competition. These kinetic chain patterns require the athlete to encompass certain components week in and week out in order to address all the mobility, strength, and power requirements associated with the athletic actions of...

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TRX Suspension Trainer Roll Out

The athletic and general population must recognize the importance of developing the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex. The L-P-H (lumbo-pelvic-hip) complex commonly referred to as the core is integral in postural positioning, efficient human movement on a daily basis, execution of athletic actions in sports, and general injury prevention. One must recognize a large contingent of "mis-information" is present directing individuals in the execution of "core exercises" which are in general not conducive in the development of the core musculature. First and foremost athletes...

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Training Principles for Sport

The development of the kinetic chain for sport requires adhering to specified training principles and underlying concepts. These concepts and principles guide the strength coach, athlete, and trainer in the development of the kinetic chain appropriately. These principles in conjunction with a structured training template will assist is a systematic approach in the development of the kinetic chain of the athlete for the sport of their choice. Provided below is a series of principles and training concepts pertinent to the...

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Single Leg TRX Suspension Trainer Lunge

The overhead throwing and striking athlete participating in baseball, softball, tennis, golf, volleyball, and lacrosse requires the development of lower body strength. The development of functional strength in the lower body allows these athletes to execute the movement patterns of their sport efficiently, allows for the generation of speed, the development of ground reaction forces, the prevention of injury, and general improvement in their sport of choice. What the strength and conditioning coach and athlete must recognize is the development of...

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Flexibility Training for the Overhead Throwing and Striking Athlete

The overhead throwing and striking athlete participating in baseball, softball, golf, tennis, volleyball, ice hockey, or lacrosse must recognize the importance mobility and flexibility play in these sporting activities. The execution of the athletic actions associated with these sports, the development of speed, and most importantly the reduction in injuries are contingent upon joint mobility and soft tissue flexibility. Recognize the generation of speed, the ability to change directions, and perform a repetitive movement (i.e. pitching motion, tennis serve, golf...

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